after selecting the strip original link you still getting clickable share button for the original feed website. For example check below.
Make These settings in your wp automatic plugin.
After you have saved those settings now you need to go to plugin settings and make the changes as shown in the image below.
Simply save the settings and run the campaign again. Now you will see it has stripped all links from your post, loads the image and the social buttons texts and links have vanished. It will show like this.
I hope it helped. If you have more questions then simply comment below and I will get back to you guys.